Adhiyaye 2 (2/7)

Adhiyaye 2 (2/7)
Baba Deep Singh Ji Hathlikhat of Sri Gobind Gita (see pdf on GurmatVeechar)

If you are new, please start at the preface and first adhiyaye!
If you have still to read the 1st part of the 2nd adhiyaye, see this:

Previous to this section, Arjun was looking for reasons to get out of the war and Sri Krishna Ji explain to him the nature of existence, the misperception of knowing the body as the self, and what that means in terms of understanding the Aatma.

ਬਿਬੇਕੀ ਯਹੀ ਚਿਤ ਮੈਂ ਜਾਨੈਂ ॥
The Bibeki knows this within their mind (Bibaekee Yahee Chith Mai[n] Jaanai[n]; Bibeki refers to someone who can discern between what is The Truth and what is falsehood)
ਮਰਨੇ ਕੀ ਚਿੰਤਾ ਨਹੀ ਮਾਨੈਂ ॥
They do not accept [the idea of] worrying about death (Marnae Kee Chi[n]thaa Nahee Maanai[n])
ਜੀਉ ਹੈ ਬਾਸਦੇਵ ਕੀ ਅੰਸ ॥
The Jeev-Aatma is a part of Paramatmaa (Jeeo[u] Hai Baasdhaev Kee A[n]s; Individualization caused by misperception of separation; Baasdaev refers to Paarbrahm Vaheguru)
ਵਹਿ ਅਕਾਲ ਜਾਨੋ ਸਰਬੰਸ ॥੨੩॥
That same Akaal [Aatma] recognize as all of the collective parts (Vah[i] Akaal Jaano Saraba[n]s; Akaal = free from time and death)
Jeev (Individualized Being) & Eshwar (Greater Master) are actually the same

ਅਵਰ ਯਹਿ ਤੁਝ ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀਆਂ ਕਾ ਗਿਆਨ ॥
Other [mis]perception is based on how the [5] senses input and misinterpret what is happening
ਉਤਪਤ ਭਇਆ ਤੂੰ ਨਿਸਚੇ ਜਾਨ ॥
Becoming born (Outhpath Bhaeiaa), you fully accepted this way of thinking  (Thoo[n] Nischae Jaan)
ਹੇ ਸੁਤ ਕੁੰਤਾ ਕੇ ਤੂੰ ਅਬ ਸੁਨ ॥
Oh son of Kunti (Hae Suth Ku[n]thaa Kae), listen now! (Ab Sun)
ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀ ਗਿਆਨ ਕਹੋਂ ਤੁਝ ਫੁਨ ॥੨੪॥
[I] will be telling you about the misperception of the senses (Ei[n]dhree Giaan Kaho[n]) for you to realize (Tujh Phun; ‘your purity’ but here it means for purity of mind = wisdom)

ਸੀਤ ਉਸਨ ਸੁਖ ਅਰੁ ਦੁਖ ॥
Cool and Hot (Seeth Ousan), pleasure and pain (Sukh Ar[u] Dhukh)
ਤਿਹ ਤੇ ਪਾਵੈ ਸਦਾ ਮਾਨੁਖ ॥
The human always receives this (Thih Thae Paavai Sadhaa Maanukh)
ਇਕ ਪਲ ਸੁਖ ਦੂਜੇ ਪਲ ਦੁਖ ॥
[They receive] one moment of pleasure and in the next moment [they receive] pain
(Eik Pal Sukh Dhoojae Pal Dhukh)
ਤਿਸ ਅਨਿਤ ਤੇਂ ਕਿਆ ਹੈ ਸੁਖ ॥੨੫॥
These states are not permanent so what is [true] pleasure?
(This Anith Thae[n] Kiaa Hai Sukh; are pleasures as perceived by the senses real pleasure?)

ਆਗਮਪਾਇ ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀ ਸੁਖ ਸੋ ॥
Coming and going (Aagampaae[i]) is the nature of pleasure as perceived by the senses  (Ei[n]dhree Sukh So)
ਤਿਸ ਤੇ ਗਿਆਨ ਮਤ ਪ੍ਰਾਪਤ ਹੋ ॥
You will not attain wisdom through this type of thinking (This Thae Giaan Math Praapath Ho)
ਸੁਖ ਦੁਖ ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀ ਕੇ ਸਹਿ ਰਹੋ ॥
Keep tolerating/bearing [the constantly changing states of] pleasure and pain of the senses (Sukh Dhukh Ei[n]dhree Kae Sah[i] Raho)
ਭਿੰਨ ਜੀਉ ਦੇਹ ਤੇ ਲਹੋ ॥੨੬॥
Distinguish the Jeev-Aatma (separated soul) from the body[‘s senses]
(Bhi[n]n Jeeo[u] Dhaeh Thae Laho)

ਅਰ ਜੋ ਪੁਰਖ ਸ੍ਰੇਸ਼ਟ ਆਹਿ ॥
... and that Highest [human] being that comes [into this world]
(Ar Jo Purakh Sraeshat Aah[i])
ਉਹੁ ਸੁਖ ਦੁਖ ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀਓ ਕੇ ਨਹੀ ਮਾਹਿ ॥
They are not stuck between the pleasure and pain of the senses
(Ouh[u] Sukh Dhukh Ei[n]dhreeo Kae Nahee Maah[i])
ਸਦਾ ਰਹੈ ਸਮ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਰੀਤ ॥
They always remain peaceful and in a pure lifestyle (Sadhaa Rahai Sam Nirmal Reeth; Nirmal = without dirt)
ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਗਿਆਨ ਪਾਨ ਤਿਨ ਕੀਤ ॥
They have attained the Wisdom of Immortality
(A[m]rith Giaan Paan Thin Keeth)
ਗਿਆਂਨ ਪਾਂਨ ਤੇ ਨਿਰਮਲ ਹੋਵੈ ॥
Attaining this Spiritual Wisdom they become pure.
(Giaa[n]n Paa[n]n Thae Nirmal Hovai)
ਇੰਦ੍ਰੀਓ ਕੀ ਬਿਖਿਆ ਸਭ ਖੋਵੈ ॥੨੭॥
They lose all the poisonous misperception of their senses
(Ei[n]dhreeo Kee Bikhiaa Sabh Khovai)

ਦੋਹਰਾ (Dhoharaa)
ਆਤਮ ਸਤ ਅਕਾਲ ਹੈ ਤਿਸ ਕਾ ਨਾਹੀ ਨਾਸ ॥
The Aatma is True and not bound by time (Aatam Sath Akaal Hai), it never dies (This Kaa Naahee Naas)
ਦੇਹ ਜੋ ਦ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟੀ ਆਵ ਹੈਂ ਸੋ ਹੈ ਸਭੀ ਬਿਨਾਸ ॥੨੮॥
When you simply view yourself as the body, then everything will be destroyed
(Dhaeh Jo Dhrishtee Aav Hai[n] So Hai Sabhee Binaas; the 5 elemental body is temporary and so is the 5 elemental world)

ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥ (Dhoharaa)
ਇਹ ਦੋ ਬਾਤੈਂ ਸਮਝ ਕੈ ਤਤਵੇਤਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ॥
That who understands these two things is a Brahmgiaani (Eih Dho Baathai[n] Samajh Kai Thathvaethaa Hai Jo; Thath-vaethaa = the one who knows the Essence of Reality)
ਚਿੰਤਾ ਕੋਈ ਨਾ ਕਰੈ ਨਾਸ ਨ ਜਾਣੈ ਕੋ ॥੨੯॥
They do not have any worries and do not see their True-Self as subject to death
(Chi[n]thaa Koee Naa Karai Naas n JaaNai Ko)

ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਭਗਵਾਨੋਵਾਚ ॥ Sree Bhagvaanovaach:
(Sri Krishna Ji's Bachans)
ਕਬਿੱਤ ॥ (Kabith)
ਪਰਮ ਆਤਮ ਹੈ ਏਕ ਪੁਰਖ ਅੰਤਰ ਸਭ ਦੇਹੋ ਕੇ ਸੋਈ ਅਬਿਨਾਸੀ ਕੂਟਸਤ ਤਿਸ ਰੂਪ ਹੈ ॥
The One Being is The Greatest Form of Aatma (Param Aatham Hai Eak Purakh); They reside within each body (A[n]thar Sabh Dhaeho Kae) ; They are Indestructible and Truth-Hidden is Their Form (Soee Abinaasee Kootsath This Roop Hai; split kootsath into two parts, please suggest a better definition if known)
ਦੇਹ ਸਭ ਅਨਿਤ ਉਪਜ ਬਿਨਸੇ ਹੈ ਸਰਬ ਕਾਲ ਆਤਮ ਅਦ੍ਵੈਤ ਅਕਾਲ ਅਉ ਅਨੂਪ ਹੈ ॥
The body is not going to remain forever it is born and then it dies (Dhaeh Sabh Anith Oupaj Binasae Hai) Through all the times (past, present, future) Aatma is non-dual, timeless/without death, and indescribable (Sarab Kaal Aatham Advaith Akaal Ao[u] Anoop Hai)
ਸਦਾ ਰਹੈ ਨਿਰਾਹਾਰ ਖਾਏ ਪੀਏ ਕਛੂ ਨਾਹਿ ਅਖੰਡ ਅਰ ਅਚਲ ਅਰ ਅਪਰ ਤਿਸ ਰੂਪ ਹੈ ॥
Always remains without sustenance (Sadhaa Rahai Niraahaar) It does not eat nor drink anything (Khaa-ae Peeae Kachhoo Naah[i]; Unstoppable, unwavering/stable, and endless is [Aatma]’s Form (Akha[n]d Ar Achal Ar Apar This Roop Hai; apar = apaar = that which cannot be crossed, like an ocean which cannot be crossed because it is so large that we cannot get to the other end)
ਤਾਂਤੇ ਯਹਿ ਬਾਤ ਸਮਝ ਪਾਰਥ ਉਠ ਜੁਧ ਕਰਿ ਆਤਮ ਏਕ ਸਾਚ ਅਉਰ ਰੰਕ ਹੈ ਨ ਭੂਪ ਹੈ ॥੩੦॥
From this, understand one thing Arjan: get up and go to war; Aatma is the One Truth; there is no poor people nor kings (Thaa[n]thae Yah[i] Baath Samajh Paarathh Outt Judhh Kar[i] Aatham Aek Saach Aour Ra[n]k Hai n Bhoop Hai)

ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਭਗਵਾਨੋਵਾਚ ॥ Sri Bhagvaanovaach:
(Sri Krishan Ji’s Bachans)
ਮੰਗਲਿ ਛੰਦੁ ॥ Mangal[i] Chhand
ਕੋ ਕਹੈ ਪਾਰਥੁ ਏਹ ॥
Saying this to Arjun (Ko Kahai Paarathh[u] Aeh)
ਹਤੁ ਕੀਆ ਅਮਕਾ ਦੇਹ ॥
The body is the one which kills (Hath[u] Keeaa Amkaa Dhaeh)
ਅਵਰ ਕਹੈ ਦੂਜਾ ਕੋਇ ॥
If someone says otherwise (Avar Kahai Dhoojaa Koe[i]; saying that the aatma is the attacker)
ਹਤ ਕਰੋ ਮੈ ਹੀ ਸੋਇ ॥੩੧॥
They are saying they are killing themselves
(Hath Karo Mai Hee Soe[i])

ਸੋ ਦੋਊ ਬਿਰਥੇ ਜਾਨ ॥
Know both of these statements (above) as useless (So Dho-oo Birthhae Jaan)
ਉਨ ਮਾਂਹਿ ਨਾਂਹੀ ਗਿਆਂਨ ॥
[These points] do not contain wisdom
ਉਹ ਸਮਝਤੇ ਕਛੁ ਨਾਂਹਿ ॥
[Those who share these thoughts] do not understand anything
(Ouh Samjhathae Kachh[u] Naa[n]hi)
ਅਗਿਆਨ ਹੀ ਕੋ ਪਾਹਿ ॥੩੨॥
They have only attained ignorance (Agiaan Hee Ko Paahi)

ਨਹੀ ਜੀਉ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਬਿਨਾਸ ॥
Nor the Jeev nor Brahm gets destroyed (Nahee Jeeo[u] Braham[u] Binaas)
ਤਿਹ ਕਾ ਨ ਹੋਵੈ ਨਾਸ ॥
They never die (Thih Kaa n Hovai Naas)
ਸੋ ਜੀਉ ਕੋ ਅਬ ਕਹੋਂ ॥
So refer to the Jeev as so (So Jeeo[u] Ko Ab Kaho[n]):
ਜੀਉ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਏਕੋ ਲਹੋ ॥੩੩॥
Accept Jeev and Brahm as One (Jeeo[u] Brahm Aeko Laho)

ਨਾਂ ਜਨਮਤ ਹੈ ਸੋ ॥
It is not born and so (Naa[n] Janmath Hai So),
ਉਸ ਨਾਸ ਨਾਂਹੀ ਹੋ ॥
... it does not die either (Ous Naas Naa[n]hee Ho)
ਉਹ ਸਦਾ ਏਕ ਸਰੂਪ ॥
It is always one Form (O[u]h Sadhaa Eak Saroop)
ਉਹੁ ਜਨਮ ਰਹਤ ਅਨੂਪ ॥੩੪॥
and it is without birth and indescribable (Ouh[u] Janam Rahath Anoop)

ਅਰੁ ਨਿਤ ਪੁਰਾਤਨ ਜੋ ॥
and is always ancient (Ar[u] Nith Puraathan Jo)
ਤਿਸ ਹਤ ਕਰੇ ਨਾ ਕੋ ॥
So you cannot kill the Aatma(This Hath Karae naa Ko)
ਅਉਰ ਮਰਨ ਦੇਹ ਕਾ ਧਰਮ ॥
The Dharam of the Body is to die (Ao[u]r Maran Dhaeh Kaa Dharam)
ਜਿਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਇਹ ਮਰਮ ॥੩੫॥
Whoever realizes this secret (Jin Paaeiaa Eih Maram)

ਸੋ ਨਾ ਕਹੈ ਯਹਿ ਬਾਤ ॥
Will not say the following (So naa Kahai Yah[i] Baath)
ਮੈ ਕੀਆ ਅਮਕਾ ਘਾਤ ॥
I have killed someone (Mai Keeaa Amkaa Ghaath)
ਯਾ ਉਹੁ ਕਹੈ ਮੁਝ ਹਤ ॥
Or will say that I have been killed (Yaa Ouh[u] Kahai Mujh Hath)
ਦੇਹ ਨਾਸ ਜਾਨੋ ਸਤ ॥੩੬॥
Body’s Death is True (Dhaeh Naas Jaano Sath)

ਸੁਨਹੋ ਅਰਜਨ ਸਿਖ ਪ੍ਰਬੀਨ ॥
Listen Oh Arjun [my] Clever Sikh (Sunaho Arjan Sikh Prabeen)
ਸੰਜੋਗ ਦੇਹ ਆਤਮ ਇਉ ਚੀਨ ॥
Connected with the body, know the aatma to be (Sa[n]jog Dhaeh Aatham Eio[u] Cheen)
ਜੈਸੇ ਬਸਤ੍ਰ ਹੋਇ ਪੁਰਾਨਾ ॥
Like a cloth that becomes old (Jaisae Basthr Hoe[i] Puraanaa)
ਡਾਰ ਦੀਆ ਤਬ ਨਵਾ ਹੰਢਾਨਾਂ ॥ ੩੭॥
Throw it out and put on a new one (Daar Dheeaa Thab Navaa Ha[n]tdaanaa[n])

ਤਿਸੀ ਭਾਂਤਿ ਆਤਮ ਦੇਹ ਡਾਰੇ ॥
In this way, the Aatma throws away one body (Thisee Bhaa[n]th[i] Aatham Dhaeh Daarae)
ਅਉਰ ਦੇਹ ਲੇਵੇ ਸੁਨ ਪਿਆਰੇ ॥
and takes on another, Listen Oh Beloved (Aour Dhaeh Laevae Sun Piaarae)
ਆਤਮ ਕੀ ਉਸਤਤਿ ਸੁਨ ਮੀਤ ॥
Praise of the Aatma, Listen Oh friend (Aatham Kee Ousthath[i] Sun Meeth)
ਭਲੀ ਭਾਂਤਿ ਰਾਖੋ ਤੁਮ ਚੀਤ ॥੩੮॥
Remember it very carefully (Bhalee Bhaa[n]th[i] Raakho Thum Cheeth; Bhalee Bhaanth = in a good way)

ਆਇਧ ਕਰਿ ਕਾਟਿਆ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਇ ॥
Fighting in a battle will not result in the Aatma getting cut (Aaeidhh Kar[i] Kaatiaa nahee Jaae[i])
ਤਾਂ ਕੋ ਅਗਨਿ ਨਾ ਸਕੇ ਜਲਾਇ ॥
Nor can it ever be burned in a fire (Thaa[n] Ko Agan[i] naa Sakae Jalaae[i])
ਡੂਬੇ ਨਾਹੀ ਜਲ ਕੇ ਮਾਂਹਿ ॥
Nor can it be drowned in water (Doobae Naahee Jal Kae Maa[n]hi)
ਮਾਰੂਤ ਤਿਸੈ ਸੁਕਾਵੈ ਨਾਂਹਿ ॥੩੯॥
[and] the wind can never dry it (Maaruth Thisai Sukaavai Naa[n]hi)

ਅਛੇਦ ਅਦਾਹ ਜੋ ਤਤ ਪਦਾਰਥ ॥
Unpierceable, Unburnable that which is the essential thing (Achhaed Adhaah Jo Thath Padhaarathh)
ਸਭ ਕੇ ਅੰਤਰ ਜਾਨੋ ਪਾਰਥ ॥
Oh Arjun, Know it to be within everyone/thing (Sabh Kae A[n]thar Jaano Paarth)
ਥਾਂਭ ਰਹਿਆ ਸਭਹੂੰ ਕੋ ਆਪ ॥
[Aatma] Itself – is a Pillar holding up everything (Thhaa[n]bh Rahiaa Sabhahoo[n] Ko Aap)
ਤਿਸ ਤੇ ਨਿਸਚਲ ਉਸ ਕਾ ਜਾਪ ॥੪੦॥
From [the Aatma’s] unwaveringness/stability comes the meditation upon [the nature of Aatma] (This Thae Nischal Ous Ka Jaap)

ਪੁਰਾਤਨ ਅਉਰ ਸਨਾਤਨ ਕਹੀਐ ॥
Call [the Aatma] Ancient and Forever!
ਅਬਗਤ ਅਦ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਟ ਅਗੋਚਰ ਲਹੀਐ ॥
Accept [the Aatma] as Undestroyable, Invisible, Unsensible (Abagath Adhrishat Agochar Laheeai)
ਚਿਤਵਨ ਕਰਿ ਚਿਤਵਿਆ ਨਹੀ ਜਾਇ ॥
Trying to imagine the [Aatma] and not being able to imagine it.
ਐਸਾ ਅਕ੍ਰੈ ਕਹਿਆ ਸਮਝਾਇ ॥੪੧॥
Understand when the [Aatma] is referred to as not taking action (Aisaa Akrai Kahiaa Samjhaae[i])

ਜੋ ਕੋ ਐਸਾ ਆਤਮ ਜਾਨੇ ॥
Whoever knows the Aatma as this (Jo Ko Aisaa Aatham Jaanae)
ਸੋ ਚਿੰਤਾ ਕੋਊ ਨਹੀ ਮਾਨੇ ॥
They never accept any worry [into their mind] (So Chi[n]thaa Ko-oo Nahee Maanae)
ਜੈਸਾ ਆਤਮ ਤੈਸਾ ਮੁਝਿ ਕਹਿਆ ॥
The Way Aatma is, that is what I have said (Jaisaa Aatham Thaisaa Mujh[i] Kahiaa)
ਜਿਸ ਨੇ ਮਨ ਮੋ ਐਸਾ ਲਹਿਆ ॥੪੨॥
Whoever accepts this in their mind (Jis nae Man Mo Aisaa Lahiaa)

ਕਰੇ ਕਿਸੀ ਕੀ ਚਿੰਤਾ ਨਾਂਹੀ ॥
They won’t worry about anyone (Karae Kisee Kee Chi[n]thaa Naa[n]hee)
ਉਹੁ ਜਾਨੈ ਏਕੋ ਬ੍ਰਹਮ ਹੀ ਆਹੀ ॥
They know that the One Brahm has come [in front & has projected themselves] (Ouh[u] Jaanai Aeko Braham Hee Aahee)
ਹੇ ਪਾਰਥ ਤੁਝ ਹਉ ਸਮਝਾਵੌ ॥
Oh Arjun, I have explained to you (Hae Paarathh Tujh Hao[u] Samjhaavau)
ਬੋਲਨਹਾਰ ਕੀ ਬਾਤ ਸੁਨਾਵੌ ॥੪੩॥
Listen to what the speaker has said (Bolanhaar Kee Baath Sunaavau)

ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥ (Dhoharaa)
ਜੋ ਜਾਨੇ ਤੂੰ ਬੋਲਤਾ ਜਨਮੇ ਮਰੇ ਨਿਤ ਸੋਇ ॥
Whoever knows what has been said: birth and death is a constant state [in this changing manifestation]
(Jo Jaanae Thoo[n] Bolthaa Janmae Marae Nith Soe[i])
ਯਹੀ ਬਾਤ ਬਿਚਾਰ ਕੇ ਚਿੰਤਾ ਮਤ ਕਰਿ ਕੋਇ ॥੪੪॥
Hearing this discussion, reflect to yourself and don’t have any worries
(Yahee Baath Bichaar Kae Chi[n]thaa Math Kar[i] Koe[i])

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